Henry Roydhouse was the son of Thomas and Esther of Chelsea, born at 72 Alfred Street in 1855, and baptised at Chelsea Holy Trinity on the 1st April.
Aged 7 in 1861 census, he has older siblings Esther, Ellen, Benjamin and Edward, as well as a younger sister Ann aged 4.
The census of 1871 should find Henry aged 17, however the only two Henry Roydhouses recorded between 1861 and 1881 ( Born in Chelsea recorded on that document) are the two intriguing ones listed below.
31 March 1877 Kildare, Ireland. Dog licence white female fox terrier with him at 7 Dn Gds, and other registrations from this address include men with military titles.
In 1881 he is a 26 year old Groom of Chamber at the Junior Carlton Club, established in 1869 at 30 Pall Mall.
Gentlemen’s Clubs with a political bias were very popular in London, and the Junior Carlton Club was established in 1866. At the time of the 1881 census the Club employed over 53 staff including clerks, waiters under-butlers, plateman, porter and a predominately female kitchen.
Luxuriously appointed to suit the discerning gentleman…
Three years after the census, the second record that needs to be explored further:
1884 birth of Maude Margaret, daughter of Clarissa Russell actress, and Henry Roydhouse, actor
43 year old Henry married 20 year old Grace Yates on the 1st November 1899, and although he states his occupation as Librarian, his address is 30 Pall Mall. I can not find a birth entry for Grace with a lawyer father named James, as stated on her marriage record.
Electoral rolls show Henry employed at 30-35 Pall Mall ( the Club) and living in Upper Marylebone Street, Westminster by 1903.
In the census in 1911 Henry and Grace have been married for 15 years, live at 57 Bernier Street and have Daisy Cadbury, a 15 year old niece living with them.
Henry is now recorded as a Steward at the Mercantile Marine Club.
The couples ages seem to disagree with other records.
In June 1918 Henry was admitted to the Northumberland Street Workhouse/Infirmary and seems to have recovered sufficiently to travel to Westgate-on-sea in Kent.
Probate records show his death aged 63 at the Kimberley Hotel in Westgate-on-Sea on the 5th September 1918.
In 1813 a baptism was performed at St Giles in the Fields, Holborn for an Eliza Roydhouse, base-born child of Elizabeth, servant and the reputed father, Hugh Elliott, gentleman. St. Giles in the Fields
Store Street,5 minutes walk from St Giles Church.
Almost 20 years later, a marriage for an Eliza Roydhouse to widower Robert Crook was performed by Banns on the 1st April 1832 at St Mary’s, Islington.
St Mary’s Church is about half an hours walk from where her grandmother Mary lived with Walter Mapperly, her second husband at his death in 1847. The map also shows how close Rawstorne Street is to these other locations.
In 1835, the death of a one year old Robert Crook is a strong possibility to be Eliza and Robert’s first child.
From that date, the fate of this family has no real proofs or evidence although the death in 1857 in St Giles district is a strong possibility.
James Roydhouse was a son of Henry and Ann (nee Appleby), born in Hertingfordbury on the 27th May, 1763. This makes him my 4 times great uncle!
On the 23rd July, 1783, a trial at the Old Bailey found James guilty of fraud, for “unlawfully, knowingly and designedly obtaining ” from William Hill six 8″ brass case locks, valued at forty shillings.
Punishment: Whipping, and discharged
He married Mary Smiths/Clark on the 1st of July, 1792 at Spitalfields Christ Church in London.
(“Photo by DAVID ILIFF. License: CC BY-SA 3.0”)
A daughter, Elizabeth was born about 1797.
James and Mary lived in Clerkenwell Close from 1801 ( or earlier) until 1827, when James died.
Mary remarried very shortly after to widower Walter Mapperly.
Walter died in Skinner Street, Islington in 1847 and by the 1851 census Mary was living on Parish Relief at 16 Upper Rosoman Street, Clerkenwell, about a 5 minute walk from the families of Thomas Roydhouse, her first brother-in-law.
I first posted about this family almost 12 months to the day.
While searching for other Roydhouse folk, I found the marriage for Thomas Roydhouse to Mary Collins in Great Driffield, Yorkshire on the 4th of June, 1811.
The couple moved to London soon afterwards, as the birth of their first child William Collins Roydhouse in 1813 is registered in Mary-le-bone.
The Robson’s London Directory of 1834 has the family living at 81 Seymour Place, Mary-le-bone.
This directory, street key, and conveyance list, particularising the residence of 60,000 establishments in London and its environs : also a list of coaches, waggons, vans, with the names of the carriers, their route, inn or calling house, and day and hour of their departure, coasting vessels, steam packets, and inland navigation : together with an alpahabetical list of public carriers for 1834.
It is a handy document for researchers to discover the residences of people in Britain prior to the first formal census of 1841.
On the 11th of May, 1665, Francis Roydhouse married Ann Raynor at St Mary’s, Barnsley, Yorkshire.
Barnsley is a city in Yorkshire, between Leeds and Sheffield. Former industries included linen, coal mining, glassmaking and textiles.
The Domesday Book refers to Berneslai, and in 1086 has a population of 200.
I visited Barnsley as a part of my journey around Britain, and spent some time wandering around the churchyard cemetery at St Mary’s, looking for Roydhouse names on the mossy, faded gravestones, without finding any.
The next record for Francis and Ann shows the baptism of a daughter, Sara, at Royston in 1673, some 4 miles from Barnsley.
I have been unable to establish any more about this family- they have done a good vanishing act!
While in Barnsley I was interested in the history behind the monument pictured.
The history of mining, and in particular for coal, is unfortunately weighted with many fatalities.
Explosions and flooding were the main causes, although unsafe conditions also contributed.
Mines employed children for many tasks, and families needed the extra income that this provided.
The following statistics are recorded for the Barnsley area alone.
1805: died in an explosion
1809 :10 drowned
1838 Huskar Pit :26 children drowned
1847 :73 died
1852: 10 died in an explosion
1866 :Oaks Colliery 383 men and boys died in two explosions, the second explosion occurring as rescuers attempted to search for survivors the next day. The fatalities ranged in age from 10 to 67. The Oaks Colliery disaster remains the worst in an English coalfield.
1883 :20 men and boys died
1907 :7 died
1907: 4 died
1914 :11 died in an explosion
1942 :13 died in an explosion
1947: 9 died in an explosion
Over 500 lives were lost in the Barnsley area coal mines in 142 years.
My maternal grandmother’s maiden name was Adams, and her grandfather George Adams migrated from Southampton to Dunedin NZ in the 1860’s. Many of his mother Elizabeth’s extended Burgess family were involved in businesses that processed grain from milling to selling wheat corn and barley. However,the common connection of the families was through the large clan of Soffe and George’s grandmother Philadelphia was a Soffe before her marriage to William Adams.
Very few of the families lived far from Southampton, and the village of Eling is just across the River Test from the port city. The bridge had long been a toll point, and the miller supplemented his income with the pennies collected from passing traffic.
There has been a tidal mill on the waterways for centuries, it being mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086.Originally owned by King John,as Eling was a royal manor and a part of the New Forest, which were the royal hunting grounds. In the 1200’s, King John sold the manor and mill. They went through various hands until 1382 AD, when they were purchased by the Bishop of Winchester. He gave them to a school he was founding as a source of income. The school –Winchester College – owned the mill for almost 400 years (1382 to 1975), though they didn’t run it directly, but leased it out on long leases. 1806 It seems the Soffe family were granted a lease sometime prior to the marriage of Beaulieu miller William Adams to Philadelphia Soffe in 1806.Their first 2 children, Jane 1807 and George 1809 were baptised from Beaulieu Mill so it is unknown how long William worked at Eling.
1821 The next record of the miller at Eling is in 1821, when a George Soffe was declared insolvent. He was Philadelphia’s brother. From then until 1854 when he was 78 years of age, an older brother Joseph Soffe was the Miller in charge at Eling.
1852 A George Hunt worked with him for a while, but in 1852 William’s son George arrived at the mill with his wife and 4 children. Helen, George (who migrated to New Zealand) William junior and Henry had all been born in Gosport where their father George had variously been a clerk and a grocer.
In 1853 when Henry was 2 and a half, he fell into the tidal estuary and would have drowned but for the courage of a passer-by who jumped into the water to rescue him.
1854 George senior died in August 1854, aged 45, and his cause of death is recorded as effusion of the brain, most likely caused by a fall or injury to the head. The wooden beams of the mill loft are very low set, as can be seen by the photo below.
Interestingly, the Mill is said by some to be haunted! The present mill owner records the legend:
“The ghost of a dead miller has been seen by people passing the building outside, reporting him looking through the window. One would expect in a place such as this that the ghost occupying the building would be that of a former employee, from ages past and this is confirmed when further reports have been lodged by people who have witnessed the ghostly miller working in the sack loft. No -one seems to know who the miller is or even when he worked at the mill” (Paranormal Hampshire)
George is buried in the Eling Cemetery, just up the hill from the Mill.
1861 From then, it appears Phillip Stride operated the mill through from George’s death until sometime after 1861 when he appeared on the census at Eling, until 1871 when he was miller at Nursling, 5 miles away.Phillip’s wife Ann was the sister of George Adams wife Elizabeth, nee Burgess.
1871 By 1871 the miller was George H Mackrell. His mother was Jane, nee Adams, daughter of William and Philadelphia. Jane had married his father but was widowed a month after George was born. She remarried ( a miller named Robert Arnold) two years later and they spent the rest of their lives at Fox’s Mill, about 7 miles further north on the River Test.
1881 In 1881 George was a corn miller in Romsey village.One of George Mackrells’ 6 children was Sydney, born in 1863.At age 10, he was employed to collect the tolls from the mill bridge and in 1881 when he was 17 he was working as a flour miller in Eling. In 1911 he was still at the mill with his wife and family, including son Tom who was 10 at the time.
1931 Tom took over the mill in 1931,and worked until 1946 when the mill closed. He continued collecting tolls from the bridge until the late 1970’s.
1980 The mill reopened in 1980, and is now one of only two working tidal mills in the United Kingdom. The Mill was working on the day I visited, and the thrum of the mill working as the water ran through was like a heartbeat.
1841-1911 census documents
England births, deaths and marriages
Family trees online
UK city and country directories
Eling Tidal Mill Wikipedia
National Probate Calendar
The history of a working mill: Diana Smith
Tide Mill,Totton & Eling Historic England
Eling Tidal Mill Experience
John Roydhouse was born in 1725 to unknown parents.
However, a Court record indicates that John Roydhouse, a blacksmith of Hornsea, was indicted for assaulting Ralph Barchard in 1737.
It appears another son, Thomas, was born in 1727 and he married Alice Ombler on the 29th May,1751 in Kingston Upon Hull.
John married Ann Danby on the 16th April 1751.
The couple had 8 children, but at least 2 sons died young.
: Daniel John 26.2.1752 Hornsea
: Ann 7 November 1753 Hornsea
: Elizabeth 7 January 1755 Hornsea
: John 11 December 1757 Hornsea died before February 1759
: John 4th February 1759 Hornsea died before June 1763
: Nancy 2nd June 1760 Hornsea
: Thomas 5th August 1761 Hornsea- 7th November 1842 Hedon
: John 21 June 1763 Hornsea
Daniel was apprenticed to a plumber and glazier in 1764 aged 12 , and in his turn became the master to at least two apprentices in Hedon.
Daniel married Ann Duffield in Bramham on the 4th January 1773.
Daniel John and Ann had at least 5 children:
Thomas 1776 -1777
All children were born at Thorngumbald.
Daniel died on 11th December 1785 at Hedon aged 33.
Ann died in 1790, leaving 3 children aged between 16 and 8 years of age.
His grandson,Thomas, son of Thomas born 1778, was born 1812, married Mary and they had at least 6 children:
Grandson James born 1822, another son of Thomas born 1778, married Ann Johnson in Sculcoates in 1849, and at least 9 children were baptised and lived in Paull:
William Clark 1854-1900
Ann Eliza 1858
George Henry 1863
Elinor Mary 1865
Betsey Emma 1873
Great-grandson George Henry (born 1863)married Kate Ellen Turner in 1888, and recorded the births of 7 children in several different places.
Annie L 1890 Albrough married Arthur Atkinson
George H 1891 Sunk Island
Thomas Wilfred 1893 Preston
John T 1895 Marfleet
Alice M 1897 Marfleet married Harold Atkinson
Kate E 1900 Sandholme
Clifford S 1907 Sandholme
The 7 generations discovered here barely moved 100 miles between 1725 and 1900.
(John in Hornsea-John-Daniel-Thomas-James-George Henry-Clifford in Sandholme)