Elizabeth Pickup

Thomas married Elizabeth Pickup in 1716 and his son Thomas was baptised January 1718, and buried in 1719 in Pontefract.
Last name: Pickup
This unusual surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name from a place in Lancashire called Pickup (Bank), now styled Yate and Pickup Bank. The name has branched out strongly,and can be easily traced back to the neighbourhood of Blackburn as its original home.
Approximately 6,288 people bear this surname today around the world.
Recorded as “Pycoppe” in “Records of the Manors of Henry de Lacy”, dated 1296, and as “Pickope Bank” in “Place Names of Lancashire”, dated 1595, the name derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century “pic”, peak, point, with “copp”, top, summit; hence, “hill with a peak or sharp point”.
Locational surnames were originally given to the lord of the manor, or as a means of identification to those who left their place of origin to settle elsewhere.
Regional and dialectal influences subsequently produced many variations in the spelling of the name, which, in the modern idiom, range from Piccop, Picopp and Peacop to Pickhup, Pickupp, Pickopp, Picup and others.
There are several records of the name Pickup in Pontefract records, but I have found no trace of an Elizabeth there in the right timeframe.

name born died married spouse father mother
Joseph 1692 Robert
Robert 1694 Robert
William 1696 1696 Robert
Richard 1698 Robert
John 1699 Robert
Esther 1700 1730 George Burrough Robert
Francis 1702 Robert
William 1704 Robert

Thomas 1709 1709 illegitimate Dorothy
Dorothy 1714
Anne 1717
Robert 1726
Martha 1735

It is unlikely that Elizabeth was a daughter of Robert Pickup, but I can’t find a marriage for him in this area either. It appears he was born in Ackworth, about 3 miles from Pontefract in 1660, and had a brother John and sister Hester. Dorothy who baptised and buried her son Thomas appears to have been born there in 1686.
There is an Elizabeth baptised in Lower Darwen, Lancashire,(some 55 miles away) daughter of Thomas in 1703, making her 15 at marriage, and another born to Jacob Pickup of Elland (25 miles away) in 1690.
The presence of the large castle as a place of employment and the other businesses this would attract to the large marketplace in Pontefract would account for young people or even whole families relocating.

Unravelling Yorkshire

The hamlet of Roydhouse in the West Riding of Yorkshire consists of a few farms and a pub.
A hamlet is defined as a small settlement, generally one smaller than a village, and strictly one without a church.
To start the investigation of the assorted Roydhouse families throughout Yorkshire, I first decided to follow the theory that the surname may have originated from that area of the West Riding.

Roydhouse Hamlet location

3 Acres Inn, Roydhouse, Shelley, Yorkshire.


The closest ancient church is All Hallows Parish Church in Kirkburton, about 2 miles away.

Kirkburton Church is dedicated to All Hallows. It was built in 1190, and is now classified as a Grade I listed building. Most of the structure is 13th century although parts have been rebuilt. The tower was added in the 15th century. Inside the church is a late-medieval nave ceiling, large wooden pulpit, stone font and Elizabethan and Jacobean pews. A small window in the chancel may have opened from the cell of a hermit. A restored 10th century stone crucifix can be found inside, supporting the belief that another church or Christian settlement may have existed on this site. The church has undergone extensive restoration.
The church records mostly show burials appear from the early 1800’s, though a few survive and are legible from the 1700’s. No Roydhouse (or other variant) burial is recorded, however this does not mean there were none. Over the centuries churchyards can become overgrown, run-down, stones become impossible to read and even broken, and old church records lost due to fire, flood, or war.

Meanings of the surname  discovered vary only slightly, dweller by the marsh or dweller by the clearing.

ROYD (Scand.) Dweller at a forest-clearing

ROYDHOUSE (Scand.) Dweller at the Clearing-House

The Domesday Book of 1086 showed that much of the woodland of Britain was still intact. It was a very detailed survey of land held throughout William the Conquerors Britain and designed to gather taxation revenue.
In the north, and Yorkshire in particular, the land clearance was the work of the Scandinavians who first settled from A.D 867 in the Danelaw region.

My DNA test kit revealed a 7% Scandinavian heritage. Probably related to Hagar and Helga!

A personal story- Less than 6 degrees of separation

Until the age of 12, I lived in Armidale in New South Wales.
I was 8 when my baby brother was born, and my parents decided to christen the five of us in one ceremony when he was about 6 months old.
Mum selected the three girls a lovely short sleeve top and pleated skirt outfit – apricot for me, mauve for Maree and aqua for Michelle. Gloves and hats completed the outfits.

L-R Back
Dad holding Edwin, Mum
L-R Front
Self, age 8, Shell, age 4, Geoff, age 6 and Maree age 7

We also needed godparents, 5 sets to be found!

My godfather was John Dunbar, a farmer’s son from Walcha about 65 kms away from our home, my Dad was crop dusting around that way regularly and knew the Dunbar family well.
I remember staying with the family when Mum had our baby brother. At the time Alma and Alex seemed old, but their son John was about 20 so I guess they were in the 45-50 age range.
Their property was called Pandora, and I loved playing in the rooms out the side of the house, filled with treasures from other times- crocheted milk jug covers with beads, old tea-sets, doilies, velvet chaise lounge- fantastic play area!.

I noticed a few years ago my sister had connected with John’s adopted son Mathew on Facebook.
I had talked about Pandora and the Dunbars to Gordon and in 2017 he read me out the news that Mathew had probably been murdered by his girlfriend Natasha. It looks like the main trial is being set for June next year.
Some news stories, copy and paste the links- the bottom one is the most current.

Jan 2019: https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/nutribullet-used-to-blend-cocktail-of-drugs-in-grazier-murder-court-20190117-p50ryh.html

Nov 2019: https://www.9news.com.au/national/natasha-beth-darcy-denies-in-court-killing-farmer-mathew-dunbar-in-walcha-nsw/cd9a6232-25bf-45c5-ba19-a137005e4a6c

Alice Roydhouse

Alice Roydhouse was born in 1851 in Chelsea, youngest daughter of William Collings Roydhouse and Elizabeth.
At age 10, in 1861 she was a scholar living at 30 Shepherd Street, Westminster in a house with 3 families.
She was living with her widowed mother and older sister at 44 Lupus Street in Belgrave by 1871.
All three were employed in making clothing with Alice and Sarah being sewing machinists.
By 1881, the women had moved to St. George Hanover Square and their mother was no longer employed, the two younger women were noted as Saleswomen of sewing machines.
Alice married William James Kemp in 1890 in Marylebone. She was almost 40 years of age, he 27.
In the next year’s census William and Alice lived at 28 Thornbury Road Battersea, with sister Sarah living with them.
Francis William Kemp was born in July 1891, and was the only child of the marriage.
In 1901 their home was at 25 Beauchamp Place, Brompton. William was a clerk at the Education Board.
Francis worked as a hosier in 1911.
Francis married Dorothy Rachel Godwin in 1920.
They had:
1.Margaret b 1922
2. Mary D.F. 1924
3. Pearl 1927
4.John F.W. 1931
5. Janet S. 1934.
Alice died in February 1931, and William in 1935.
Francis lived in Suffolk aged 75 when his death was recorded, Dorothy was 94 when she died in 1986.

George Henry Roydhouse

George was born in 1841 in Chelsea to William Collin(g)s Roydhouse and Elizabeth nee Hayward.
In 1861 he was a saddler,and living at home.
He married Caroline E. Bonnick who was born in 1840, and died in Dartford, Kent in 1910 .
Caroline’s father was a coach maker and her mothers name was Mary.
George and Caroline married on the 23rd June 1861 at St Marylebone, Westminster.
The couple had many children who did not survive their early childhood:
Rachel born July 1861-died July 1862
Caroline Mary born September 1862 died on the 15th September 1865 aged 3.
Mary born Oct. 1863 and died 1910 married Thomas James Press and had 3 daughters and 4 sons.
The family lived at 13 Elizabeth Street in 1863 when Mary was christened.
Emily 1865-1865 born April died October 1 month after Caroline 6 months old
Sarah born January 1867-died July 1868
Kate Elizabeth born July 1869-died Jan 1872
William Collins born 1871-married Alice Annie Cheverall 2 daughters 1 son died 1916
George Henry born1872-died 1906
Elizabeth E born 1874 blind from birth (1891 census)
Caroline Esther was born in 1875 and died in 1958. She married Edward Branson 1894 3 daughters, 1 son, 2 unknown.
John Charles 1876-married Ada Emily Knighton 1 son 1 daughter
1881 the family were living at 19 Warsill Road Battersea
George Henry Roydhouse died on the 20 January,1883 aged 42.

Amy Bell

Amy  Bell was 5 moths old in the 1881 census. She was born in Lambeth, and

she was 3 years old when  her brother Arthur was born.

By 1891 Frank and Ann ( nee Roydhouse) had 3 children attending school while

they lived at 24 Devon Road, Brixton.

Ann was a widow by 1901, and Amy was working as a milliner, younger brother

Arthur was a commercial clerk.

Amy married Edward Henry Yates on the 20th February 1910 at St Margaret

the Queen in Streatham.

Frank Yates was born in 1911, and in 1915 the family were living very close by

Downton Ave and Cricklade Street at 135 Barcombe Street.

( Google maps)

Edward died in 1917.

I have not found any further children, nor a other marriage for Amy.

Thomas Roydhouse 1845-1903

Thomas Roydhouse seemingly disappeared off the census, marriage and death records of the United Kingdom after 1871 showed he was living at 60 Britannia Row with his mother Sarah. He was 24 years of age, single and employed as a messenger boy.

He had been baptised in 1851 at St. Marys, Islington, but was born on May 22nd, 1945.

His occupation in 1861 when he was 14 was recorded as errand boy living at number 60 Britannia Row.
He managed to elude my (idle) searches for many years, until this week while seriously researching the descendants of Thomas Henry and Sarah and their connection to Britannia Row.
Expanding my searches to world-wide, I noticed a death for a Thomas Roydhouse in Adelaide, South Australia on the 4th of February, 1903. I was positive that John C. Roydhouse and family had left Adelaide by then to go to Perth, and his children were too young to be left behind.

A search of Trove revealed several items:

1. In 1876 a Thomas Roydhouse, 29, painter, was aboard the “Golden Sea” which had sailed from Plymouth on December 17th, 1875 for Adelaide.

2. In 1890, under LONG LOST RELATIVES-
Thomas Roydhouse (now supposed to be blind) sailed for Australia in 1875, and in 1885 was in Millicent S.A. Brother Joseph seeks.

There had been much work for hundreds of men draining the lands around Mount Gambier and Millicent from 1864 to the 1880’s. Rainfall in the area is high, and the flat land often had almost 4 metres of water on it every winter. The town of Millicent and the farming lands were able to be established once this work was done.

3. In 1895 Trove recorded that the Agricultural Show had entries from the Industrial School for the Blind in Brougham Place, North Adelaide. First Prize for Mats was a Thomas Roydhouse.

4. Friday July 10th 1903 under DEATHS IN THE HOSPITAL:

The following are the names of persons who died in the Adelaide Hospital during the half year ended June 30, 1903, whose relatives are unknown- Thomas Roydhouse, 57.

Thomas Roydhouse was buried in West Terrace Cemetery, but his gravesite has since been reclaimed.

I wonder if he knew his cousin John Charles Roydhouse was in South Australia from 1889?